how to build sliding barn doors

sliding barn doors
Tools Needed
1 Wood Glue
2 Wood Filler
3 Saw
4 Measuring Tape
5 1 pack of 1 ¼ screws (trim head)
6 6 1”X8”X8' boards
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Materials Needed
1 Wood Stain
2 Sanding Block
3 3 1”X1”X8' boards
4 Polyurethane
5 Drill
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Total Cost
$100-$200
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Estimated Time
4-6 Hours
Skill Level: Expert
The total cost and duration may vary when hiring a handyman!

Project Overview

sliding barn door

Sometimes it makes since to save a little money and try to preform a task on your own. If you are looking to save then you might want to try building your sliding barn doors from home. There is no doubt that the task will take up some of your time but if you are working on a budget then this might be the best choice for you.

You will need to make a trip to the hardware store to make sure that you have all the supplies needed. Once you have everything, you are ready to get started. Don't worry, with the right tools and direction you are sure to have your sliding door built and functioning just the way you would like.

Step-By-Step Instructions

1

Measure and Cut

sliding barn doors measurements

To get started you will want to measure and cut the lumber. On the 1”X8” board you need five pieces that are each 84” in length. You will also need to cut three pieces that are 29 ¼ inches long. Next, you need to use the 1”X4” board to cut two pieces each 84” in length. You will need to set aside the other 1”x4” board that you have to use later.

You should always measure two times before cutting and make sure that you use safety glasses. These glasses help to keep your eyes protected while you are cutting and small pieces of board are flying around.

2

Arrange Boards And Start Assembling

barn door slabs

Take the five pieces of 1”X8”x84” that you cut and place them all side by side. Making sure that the pieces touch completely and are all even with the height. Now, you can take the two pieces of 1'X4'X84” and place one on each side of the 1'X8'X84”.

Now you need to place wood glue on the outside of the  1'X4” and place this piece flush on the top side of the 1”X8” to basically make a border around your sliding barn door. Now you need to use the trim head screws that you have in order to secure the two boards together. Space the screws out. Making five rows of two on each row of the board you are securing. Be sure not to split the word by over forcing the screws. When this one is complete do the same with the other 1'X4”X84” and the 1”X8”x84” boards.

3

Placing The 1”X8”X29 1/4” Boards

hanging barn door

Now you need to place the other three boards. These will run between the boarders that you just made to secure all the boards together. Wood glue these boards and then secure them with screws just as you did with the other boards. When securing these however, make sure that you get at least four screws in each of the three boards you are installing these across. Place one of the boards at the top of the door and the other at the bottom of the sliding door.

For the third piece of board you will need to measure 34” down from the doors top and then make a small pencil mark. This needs to be done on the left, as well as the right side, of the door. After the mark has been made you can now place wood glue on the third board. You will want to place the top of this board where you drew the lines when you measured. Finally screw this board in.

4

Making The X Pattern

barn doors

You can now start making the X pattern. To do this you need to place the other 1'X4” board that you have across your sliding barn door's bottom half. You should line the edges of the board up with the cross piece sections and the bottom corners.

Take a straight edge and use a pencil to mark a line on the 1'X4” board that will match the angle of the cross-piece and bottom sections. This will provide you with the angle for the cuts that you need to make. Line the saw up with the marks that you made and cut the board.

Now you can use wood glue on the piece, fit it into place, and then screw. For the cross of the X pattern use the board that you have remaining. You need to line it up and use the straight edge to draw a line where the board should be cut, so that it doesn't overlap the board that you just placed. Cut and then fit this board into place. Do this with the left over piece until you have the whole X pattern is fit. Glue these boards and put them in place. Finally screw them down and your pattern should be complete.

Conclusion

You should take the wood filler and place it into all the holes that were created as you placed the screws. Use the tube of filler to dab a bit in each hole and then smooth it out. When the filler has dried completely it is time to sand the whole door down. You should always sand with the grain.

Once sanding is complete, you can stain the door. When staining use a rag and go with the grain of the wood as well. Make sure to stain and sand both sides of the door. When the stain is done drying you can apply the polyurethane using a paintbrush.

Install any door hardware that you desire and your sliding barn door will be complete. If you want double sliding barn doors then you can use double the wood and make a second door. Other than that all that is left is to install them where you desire.

How To Build Sliding Barn Doors

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  1. Full Kit Cedar Barn Door in a Modern Style Measuring 30 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Cedar Barn Door in a Modern Style Measuring 30 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  2. Full Kit Oak Barn Door in a Classic Style Measuring 32 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Oak Barn Door in a Classic Style Measuring 32 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  3. Full Kit Mahogany Barn Door in a Rustic Style Measuring 36 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Mahogany Barn Door in a Rustic Style Measuring 36 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  4. Full Kit Cedar Barn Door in a Traditional Style Measuring 32 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Cedar Barn Door in a Traditional Style Measuring 32 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  5. Slab only Oak Barn Door in a Traditional Style Measuring 46 in. by 84 in.view
    Slab only Oak Barn Door in a Traditional Style Measuring 46 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  6. Full Kit Mahogany Barn Door in a Modern Style Measuring 32 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Mahogany Barn Door in a Modern Style Measuring 32 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
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  8. Full Kit Cedar Barn Door in a Modern Style Measuring 46 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Cedar Barn Door in a Modern Style Measuring 46 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  9. Full Kit Oak Barn Door in a Classic Style Measuring 60 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Oak Barn Door in a Classic Style Measuring 60 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  10. Slab only Fir Barn Door in a Modern Style Measuring 60 in. by 96 in.view
    Slab only Fir Barn Door in a Modern Style Measuring 60 in. by 96 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  11. Full Kit Cherry Barn Door in a Classic Style Measuring 60 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Cherry Barn Door in a Classic Style Measuring 60 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  12. Slab only Cedar Barn Door in a Traditional Style Measuring 30 in. by 84 in.view
    Slab only Cedar Barn Door in a Traditional Style Measuring 30 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
  13. Full Kit Fir Barn Door in a Traditional Style Measuring 72 in. by 84 in.view
    Full Kit Fir Barn Door in a Traditional Style Measuring 72 in. by 84 in.
    Barn doors from Classic Entrance Systems convert any door into an artistic statement. Choose from an unparalleled assortment of surfaces and materials, all hung from the same, ultra-secure track mount. Classic Entrance Systems offers wood of every color in a variety of styles, including Z-pattern, reclaimed wood mini-panels, two- three- or four-panel, brace, and more.Additional options include windowed, inset mirror panels, brushed metal, weathering/distressing, and custom carving. All tracks must be mounted into ceiling, but track options include classic, wide-set metal mounts or low-profile micro-mounts. Bottom guides and stay roller guides come in standard dark gray stainless steel, but can easily be primed and painted to match your décor. Classic Entrance Systems’ 30-year warranty covers normal use, track operation, and locking mechanisms (if any).
    Estimated Price: $99.00+
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Questions And Answers

https://www.doors.com/barn-doors/how-to-build-sliding-barn-doors

How much does it cost to build a barn door?

The costs for track and door will range between $200-$900 for an interior sliding barn door or $500-$2,350 or more for exterior doors. While the wood can be the same for each, interior hardware doesn’t need to be rust proof or as heavy-duty as exterior doors require. If you need to hire the installation done, add another $300-$450 to this.

What keeps barn doors from swinging?

While interior barn doors may not swing due to heavy wind gusts, you may still consider having a bottom guide for the door. The guide is screwed to the floor parallel to the rail across the opening. The bottom guide is required because it keeps barn doors from swinging away from the wall and causing damage to baseboards and walls. Its sole purpose it to keep sliding barn doors moving in a straight line.

How do you measure for a barn door?

There are several measurements to record for your new barn door. First, you’ll want to measure across the top and then the sides of the opening. If for say the opening is 36” wide, and the height is 78”, then your door should be a little wider, maybe around 38-40” so that it covers the opening with about 1-2” overlap on either side. If the width is 40”, then the track must be twice that, or 80-82” so that it has the space for the door to slide out of the way and allow for complete access. Many times, the door will be 2-4” thick so keep that in mind when installing the track.

How thick should a sliding barn door track be?

Standard tracks stick out just 2” from the wall. When the door is hung, the center of the door width will line up with the track above. If your barn door is 1.5” thick, then you would have 1" between wall and door. Of course, a track can be installed a little further from the wall if your door is thicker. So, if you have a door that is 3-4” thick, you’ll need the heavy-duty rail and install it between 5-6” away from the wall itself.

How do you build sliding barn doors?

While this is something a novice should not attempt, if you have some time, energy, patience, and a few skills, building the sliding barn door will give you a lot of pleasure. First is to decide the type of wood you want to use and complete your measurements to ensure you can purchase the right wood. Next, with your measurements in hand, create the frame of the door using 2x6 pieces between 78 and 84 inches long. Next, using smaller portions, create the design you want and affix these to the frame. When the entire pieces are assembled with glue and wood screws, it’s time to install the door hardware so that it can hang from the rail across the top of the wall opening.

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INTERESTING RESOURCES

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Crossbuck

For homeowners who enjoy a more rustic look, adding doors that mimic the look of traditional barn doors can help you achieve your ideal aesthetic. One way to do this is to buy crossbuck doors. A crossbuck is the traditional “X” pattern created with wood slats on the surface of the door. While these slats were originally used to provide support to the slats that made up the door’s base structure, now, they serve more as design elements that add visual interest and a country feel to a room or home. While natural wood may be one of the most popular material options for crossbuck doors, especially for homeowners who prefer rustic styling, it isn’t the only one available. You can also find ones made of composite or MDF, both of which may be more cost-effective if you prefer a solid color, like white or red. read more

Single Doors

Left Image

Double Doors

Center Image

Half-Bucks

Right Image
double wood barn doors being used in the living room

All Barn Doors

Barn doors are a great option for anyone who needs to replace a door in a smaller space. These doors can be used in any space, but they are a great option for smaller spaces because they slide on a track, instead of swinging open taking up so much floor and wall space. Because of the countless design options, interior barn doors can transform any room, no matter the room’s design or style. . If you are looking for a reasonable update to make to your home or if you are just looking for space-saving door options, you could install an interior barn door in a day. There are many styles to choose from so look through them and see what appeals to you. read more

Benefits

close up showing the stainless steel barn door track and wheel

Design Options

single glass barn door being used in a hallway

Installation

double wood and glass barn doors being used for a bedroom entrance
full glass barn door with frosted glass being used as a door to a living room with a couch in the background

Barn Door With Glass

Barn doors are making their mark in the interior design arena. They are especially popular in smaller rooms or hallways where floor space is valuable. The door remains tight to the wall during opening instead of swinging, making it easier to take advantage of every inch in cramped areas of the home. A barn door with glass can be a superb option when you want to bring more light into a space. The glass panels allow light to transfer between two rooms, which can significantly brighten areas with poor lighting like closets and hallways. . Each type of glass affects the overall aesthetic and impacts the level of privacy in the adjoining spaced. While the clear or transparent glass allows more light into the space, it does tend to allow for less privacy so maybe the textured or frosted glass meets your needs. read more

Privacy Considerations

slatted barn door with clear glass partially open revealing a room behind

Full Kit or Slab

single panel modern barn door with glass paneling

Materials

double barn doors in a french style used as a kitchen seperator
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